He also wrote several books on this topic. Jesus' death was ensured by the thrust of a soldier's spear into his side. The extent of Jesus' tortures was such that He could never have survived the crucifixion and entombment. Soon thereafter, Jesus' body is given by Pilate to a member of the Jewish council, Joseph of Arimathea , a wealthy man and a secret follower of Jesus. Counter-arguments[ edit ] Jesus' state of health[ edit ] The swoon hypothesis has been criticized by many, including medical experts who, based on the account given in the New Testament , conclude that Jesus was definitively dead when removed from the cross.
Islamic views on Jesus' death Inadvertently, the biggest proponent of the swoon hypothesis in the modern era would likely be Muslim preacher Ahmed Deedat of South Africa, whose book Crucifixion or Cruci-fiction has been widely printed and distributed all over the Muslim world. Pilate was surprised to hear that Jesus had died so soon Mk Also, if a spear was thrust into the exposed side of Jesus as expressly recorded in the Gospel of John account, such an event could have inevitably contributed to an extremely rapid death absent immediate, sophisticated medical attention. The average time of suffering before death by crucifixion is claimed by some to have been observed to be 2—4 days; moreover, the 17th century philosopher Justus Lipsius claims that victims of crucifixion survive for as long as 9 days. Thus the transfer of Jesus' body by the local authorities into the hands of a rich influential follower of Jesus, who executes a quick burial as above , add support to the swoon hypothesis, by allowing a swooned Jesus to be removed from the cross, quickly hidden away from public scrutiny, with room to recover from his ordeal in an above ground burial chamber on private property. No elaborate funeral arrangements and no public viewing of the corpse are recorded to have taken place. The scourging produced deep stripelike lacerations and appreciable blood loss, and it probably set the stage for hypovolemic shock, as evidenced by the fact that Jesus was too weakened to carry the crossbar patibulum to Golgotha. Jesus' body is removed from the cross into the custody of his executioner, Pontius Pilate. Ahmad argued that when Jesus was taken down from the cross, he had lapsed into a state similar to Jonah's state of "swoon" in the belly of a fish. Then Joseph of Arimathea , along with a Pharisee named Nicodemus , wrap Jesus' body in linen and transport the body to a nearby, stone-covered burial chamber. Derrett , in The Anastasis: With the foregoing cases most anatomists who have devoted their attention to this subject are familiar; but the two following cases, although readily explicable on physiological principles, are not recorded in the books except by St. He also wrote several books on this topic. Counter-arguments[ edit ] Jesus' state of health[ edit ] The swoon hypothesis has been criticized by many, including medical experts who, based on the account given in the New Testament , conclude that Jesus was definitively dead when removed from the cross. Soon thereafter, Jesus' body is given by Pilate to a member of the Jewish council, Joseph of Arimathea , a wealthy man and a secret follower of Jesus. Modern medical interpretation of the historical evidence indicates that Jesus was dead when taken down from the cross. Nor have I been fortunate enough to meet with them. Lack of Eye-Witness Accounts of Jesus' Dead Body[ edit ] Further support for the swoon hypothesis is leant by the fact that Jesus' body, as per the Gospel narratives, is not seen by eye-witnesses nor reported upon as such after his death. The extent of Jesus' tortures was such that He could never have survived the crucifixion and entombment. The major pathophysiologic effect of crucifixion was an interference with normal respirations. Haughton wrote that the description in the Gospel of John of the flowing of "blood and water" after the soldier pierced Jesus' side with a spear was prescient of an as-yet undiscovered medical condition called respiratory acidosis: Jesus' death was ensured by the thrust of a soldier's spear into his side. At the site of crucifixion, his wrists were nailed to the patibulum and, after the patibulum was lifted onto the upright post stipes , his feet were nailed to the stipes. Mirza Ghulam Ahmad interpreted the phrase in Deuteronomy Alexander Metherell, assert that Jesus having survived crucifixion is "impossible" and "a fanciful theory without any possible basis in fact. The suggestion that a man so critically wounded then went on to appear to the disciples on various occasions in Jerusalem and Galilee is pure fantasy. Accordingly, death resulted primarily from hypovolemic shock and exhaustion asphyxia.
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