Freud said oral stimulation could lead to an oral fixation in later life. Whether or not the child has successfully resolved the Oedipal conflict , the instinctual drives of the id are inaccessible to the Ego, because his or her defense mechanisms repressed them during the phallic stage. At this stage, children frequently indulge in playing with their genitals in order to explore them. It may be a stage when children idolize their parents, which Freud interpreted as sexual desire. Freud also believed that all tension was due to the build-up of libido sexual energy and that all pleasure came from its discharge. Freud stressed that the first five years of life are crucial to the formation of adult personality.
For Freud, the proper outlet of the sexual instinct in adults was through heterosexual intercourse. Freud offered the Little Hans case study as evidence of the Oedipus complex. The child is now fully aware that they are a person in their own right and that their wishes can bring them into conflict with the demands of the outside world i. Unresolved psychosexual competition for the opposite-sex parent might produce a phallic-stage fixation leading a girl to become a woman who continually strives to dominate men viz. Electra , by Sophocles. Contemporary cultural considerations have questioned the normative presumptions of the Freudian psychodynamic perspective that posits the son—father conflict of the Oedipal complex as universal and essential to human psychologic development. It gets much satisfaction from putting all sorts of things in its mouth to satisfy the libido, and thus its id demands. Children with more resolved psychosexual development have greater capacity to develop normal relationships with opposite sex, whereas a fixation at this stage results into the child being frigid and impotent in later life, while also having unsatisfactory interpersonal relationships. Analogously, in the phallic stage, a girl's decisive psychosexual experience is the Electra complex , her daughter—mother competition for psychosexual possession of father. How children explore and experiment their sexuality at this stage defines their adult behavior. The libido is dormant. Constituents and Components are formed through a phase of position formation and a realization phase. The id dominates, because neither the ego nor the super ego is yet fully developed, and, since the infant has no personality identity , every action is based upon the pleasure principle. Latency Stage of Psychosexual Development 6 years — puberty — At this stage, the emotional surges of the previous three stages go into hiding for a few years as the child learns how to repress, project, introject, sublimate, and in other ways channel the psychosexual energies of their earlier development. In both sexes, defense mechanisms provide transitory resolutions of the conflict between the drives of the Id and the drives of the Ego. Which at this stage in life are oral, or mouth orientated, such as sucking, biting, and breastfeeding. In the case of too much gratification, the child does not learn that he or she does not control the environment, and that gratification is not always immediate, thereby forming an immature personality. His theory of psychosexual development focuses on the effects of sexual pleasure on one's psyche. Freud stressed that the first five years of life are crucial to the formation of adult personality. Identification means internally adopting the values, attitudes, and behaviors of another person. Briefly, the girl desires the father, but realizes that she does not have a penis. Nevertheless, the boy remains ambivalent about his father's place in the family, which is manifested as fear of castration by the physically greater father; the fear is an irrational, subconscious manifestation of the infantile Id. Moreover, after the phallic stage, the girl's psychosexual development includes transferring her primary erogenous zone from the infantile clitoris to the adult vagina. One reason for this may be that the needs of the developing individual at any particular stage may not have been adequately met in which case there is frustration. Despite mother being the parent who primarily gratifies the child's desires, the child begins forming a discrete sexual identity — "boy", "girl" — that alters the dynamics of the parent and child relationship; the parents become the focus of infantile libidinal energy. Irrationally, the boy thinks that if his father were to find out about all this, his father would take away what he loves the most. The girl resolves this by repressing her desire for her father and substituting the wish for a penis with the wish for a baby.
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