A Guide for Professionals. The expansion of the meaning of codependency happened very publicly. The definition and criteria have changed in the different versions of the DSM. The existence of physical, emotional, or sexual abuse. Underlying problems may include any of the following: They have good intentions.
The disorder was first identified about ten years ago as the result of years of studying interpersonal relationships in families of alcoholics. A Guide for Professionals. Others may develop compulsive behaviors like workaholism, gambling, or indiscriminate sexual activity. Codependency can occur in any type of relationship, including family, work, friendship, and also romantic, peer or community relationships. The presence of a family member suffering from a chronic mental or physical illness. Similar patterns have been seen in people in relationships with chronically or mentally ill individuals. They try to take care of a person who is experiencing difficulty, but the caretaking becomes compulsive and defeating. As a result, family members learn to repress emotions and disregard their own needs. They have good intentions. They are unselfish, virtuous, martyr-like, faithful, and turn the other cheek despite personal humiliation. Who Does Co-dependency Affect? The definition and criteria have changed in the different versions of the DSM. The existence of physical, emotional, or sexual abuse. A dysfunctional family is one in which members suffer from fear, anger, pain, or shame that is ignored or denied. Essentially, these people move toward others by gaining their approval and affection, and subconsciously control them through their dependent style. Davis , historically, the concept of co-dependence "comes directly out of Alcoholics Anonymous , part of a dawning realization that the problem was not solely the addict, but also the family and friends who constitute a network for the alcoholic. Co-dependents have low self-esteem and look for anything outside of themselves to make them feel better. Today, however, the term has broadened to describe any co-dependent person from any dysfunctional family. In , she proposed that some people adopt what she termed a "Moving Toward" personality style to overcome their basic anxiety. Dysfunctional families do not acknowledge that problems exist. In DSM-I, passive dependency personality was characterized by helplessness, denial , and indecisiveness, and was considered a subtype of passive aggressive personality. Underlying problems may include any of the following: By DSM-IV, there were nine criteria with an essential feature of a pervasive or lifetime pattern of dependent and submissive behavior. Approval from others is more important than respecting themselves. The expansion of the meaning of codependency happened very publicly.
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